Archive for February, 2017

Chronic pain sufferers and those taking mental health meds would rather turn to cannabis instead of their prescribed opioid medication, according to new research.

Source: Given the choice, patients will reach for cannabis over prescribed opioids — ScienceDaily

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NORML.org

Posted: February 24, 2017 in Uncategorized

Two tidbits of information about cannabis-crime relationship and cannabis-heart disease relationship — AuntieBS

Study: No Increased Crime In Medical Marijuana States

No Increased Crime In Medical Marijuana StatesWellington, New Zealand: The enactment of US laws regulating the sale and use of cannabis for medical purposes is not associated with any uptick in the rate of violent crime or property crime, according to data compiled by researchers at the University of Victoria and the Motu Economic and Public Policy Research Institute in New Zealand.

Investigators analyzed FBI crime data from the years 1988 to 2013 to assess the potential impact of medical marijuana legalization schemes on rates of murder, forcible rape, aggravated assault, burglary, and larceny. Researchers reported that neither the establishment of dispensaries or an increase in adult marijuana use was associated with adverse outcomes on crime.

“We do not find evidence that medical marijuana laws consistently affect violent and property crime,” authors concluded. “Our results suggest that liberalization of marijuana laws is unlikely to result in the substantial social cost that some politicians clearly fear.”

The findings are similar to previous reviews. For example, a 2012 study published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs reported that the proliferation of medical cannabis dispensaries was not associated with any demonstrable increase in violent crime or property crime. A 2014 study published in the journal PLoS One reported that the legalization of medical marijuana was associated with a decrease in incidences of certain types of violent crime, such as homicide and assault.

For more information, please contact Paul Armentano, NORML Deputy Director, at: paul@norml.org. Full text of the study, “Joint culpability: The effects of medical marijuana laws on crime,” appears online.

Study: Cannabis Use History Not Associated With Increased Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease

Cannabis Use Not Associated With Cardiovascular DiseaseBethesda, MD: Those who consume cannabis long-term suffer no greater likelihood of cardiovascular disease by middle age than do those with no history of use, according to longitudinal data published online ahead of print in the American Journal of Public Health.

An international team of researchers from the United States and Switzerland assessed cumulative cannabis use and cardiovascular risk in a cohort of over 5,000 subjects over a period of more than two decades. Authors reported, “Compared with no marijuana use, cumulative lifetime and recent marijuana use showed no association with incident CVD (cardiovascular disease), stroke or transient ischemic attacks, coronary heart disease, or CVD mortality.”

They concluded, “In this community-based cohort of young adults followed for more than 25 years, we found no evidence to suggest that cumulative lifetime or recent marijuana use, at levels typical of most recreational, occasional users of marijuana in the United States, affects risk of future CVD events through middle age.”

The findings are consistent with those of other studies, such as those here, here, here, and here, which also report that the use of cannabis alone is not an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease at mid-life.

For more information, please contact Paul Armentano, NORML Deputy Director, at: paul@norml.org. Full text of the study, “Cumulative lifetime marijuana use and incident of cardiovascular disease in middle age: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study,” appears in the American Journal of Public Health.

Source: Study: Opioid Abuse Rates Lower In Medical Cannabis States | NORML Blog, Marijuana Law Reform

Rumors are flying about whether the Trump administration will crack down on cannabis, but what’s the true story?

Source: Trump and Sessions Seem Focused on Cartels, Not Cannabis | Leafly

What if the DEA and CIA were the biggest drug dealers in the world, to fund black ops projects and enrich themselves?  Consider:  The Taliban wanted to eradicate opium cultivation in Afghanistan, on religious grounds.  Our government declares them to be the enemy and we send troops in to PROTECT the opium fields!?!?!?  What if the CIA then protected huge shipments of opium to clandestine cartel labs, where it was processed into heroin, with the cartels slipping $BILLIONS to the CIA for the wholesale of the raw product, and made many times that by flooding our markets with cheap heroin?

There have been such allegations in the press over the years, even back to Oliver North in the 1970’s, but how would civilians (reporters) ever confirm the truth?  It would be difficult.  Yet, this strong possibility looms.

AuntieBS

The DEA finally dropped inaccurate and misleading claims from their official website. Next up, rescheduling?

Source: DEA Drops Inaccurate Cannabis Claims From Website | Leafly

AuntieBS has always been critical of the DEA, who lies through their teeth to preserve jobs, who has wasted more than a $TRILLION dollars in the bogus war on drugs, all the while enabling $5 hits of heroin and methamphetamine to be ubiquitous all across the country.  What’s the point of this useless agency?

AuntieBS

Though marijuana edibles are becoming increasingly common, scant information exists on how to test drivers for impairment following their consumption. For the first time, research evaluates the performance of roadside saliva tests for tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) following consumption of edibles, showing that lower THC cutoff points are needed for these tests to effectively detect marijuana ingestion.

Source: Breaking research could help to combat rise in drivers impaired by edible marijuana consumption — ScienceDaily

A person might test positive for various levels of cannabinoids for hours, days, or weeks after cannabis ingestion, but any experienced user can tell you that there is little, if any, correlation with impairment.  From this “study”, they might detect some level of cannabinoids, say, 12 hours after ingestion, but the driver is not impaired at all.  Blood or saliva content should not be a metric in determining cannabis impairment.

With the plethora of intoxicants available, and the never-ending newly-created designer drugs on the market, a simple solution is to directly test for impairment.  This can easily be accomplished via a laptop application that tests for coordination, judgment, and reaction time.  Then, it becomes of secondary importance as to which intoxicant is affecting a driver, and the degree of impairment becomes the determining factor.

AuntieBS urges her readers to contact your congressional representatives and demand direct measurement of impairment instead of these bogus metabolite tests, which often do not correlate with impairment at all.

AuntieBS

A new cannabinoid-based pharmaceutical has extended the lives of brain cancer patients in a clinical trial.

Source: Cannabis Drug Could Extend Lives of Brain Cancer Patients, Study Finds | Leafly