Archive for the ‘drugs’ Category

Addict Behav. 2017 Apr 4;72:138-143. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.04.006. [Epub ahead of print]

Source: Intentional cannabis use to reduce crack cocaine use in a Canadian setting: A longitudinal analysis. – PubMed – NCBI

The company is also under investigation for illegally marketing powerful opioid painkillers.

Source: A pharma company that spent $500,000 trying to keep pot illegal just got DEA approval for synthetic marijuana – The Washington Post

 

If this isn’t pure, unadulturated BULLSHIT to the Nth degree, I don’t know what is!  Let’s hope that Trump de-funds the DEA!  (I won’t hold my breath.)

AuntieBS

In the first prospective study of synthetic cannabinoids or SCs — the group of chemicals that mimic the effects of marijuana — researchers have found that symptoms of depression, drinking alcohol, or using marijuana was linked to an increased risk of SC use one year later.

Source: Depression, alcohol, and marijuana linked to later use of synthetic marijuana among teens — ScienceDaily
Do you even have to read this garbage to know what it means?  It can be summarized as “DEPRESSED TEENS MORE LIKELY TO USE INTOXICANTS”, which isn’t science or news, but simply common sense.  But, to their credit, they did say:

“With respect to mental health, the researchers found that depressive symptoms, but not anxiety or impulsivity, were predictive of later [Synthetic Cannabinoids] use, suggesting that symptoms of depression may increase the likelihood of use. The same relationship between depressive symptoms and greater propensity for marijuana use was not found.

Alcohol and synthetic cannabinoids are much more powerful intoxicants and thereby provide greater escapes from reality, so this is no surprise.  But, the title of this paper implies that marijuana may be causal, so watch for lay journalists in the mainstream media to promote just that meme.

AuntieBS

College students who consume medium-to-high levels of alcohol and marijuana have a consistently lower GPA, according to a new study.

Source: Consumption of alcohol and marijuana associated with lower GPA in college: Medium-to-high consumption of both substances associated with lower college GPA over two years — ScienceDaily

You will probably see this as front-page news in the mainstream media.  Self-important people will be smugly saying “I told you so”, and many naive people will believe the implication– that marijuana and alcohol CAUSE lower grade scores.

Has it ever occurred to them what happens to the student that lacks good study habits, or parents that push them to study,  or lacks the self-discipline to pay attention in school, or hangs with the wrong crowd and is distracted by alternate interests, like cars, dating, social networks, video games, etc?  That type of student will not only struggle more in school, but will be more likely to associate with similar struggling students who find yet ANOTHER distraction:  getting high!  It feels good, is fun, and helps them to forget their misery in school.

Time and time again, I see misplaced causality.  Many legitimate studies have have debunked cannabis as the causal agent, and attributed the cause to be as I have just suggested– socioeconomic conditions are the cause of the marijuana or alcohol (or other intoxicants) use, not vice versa.  What is more fun– playing computer games or studying?  Without parental pressure to do the latter, kids will succumb to distractions and THAT causes poor studying habits and increased struggles.  Finding yet another distraction (getting high) is a natural follower.

AuntieBS

NORML’s mission is to move public opinion sufficiently to legalize the responsible use of marijuana by adults, and to serve as an advocate for consumers to assure they have access to high quality marijuana that is safe, convenient and affordable.

Source: NORML.org – Working to Reform Marijuana Laws – NORML.org – Working to Reform Marijuana Laws

Medical Marijuana Legalization Associated With Fewer Opioid-Related Hospitalizations

Medical Marijuana - Fewer Opioid-Related HospitalizationsSan Diego, CA: The enactment of statewide legislation permitting medical cannabis access by qualified patients is associated with a reduction in opioid-related hospitalization, according to data published online ahead of print in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

A researcher from the University of California at San Diego assessed the association between medical cannabis laws and hospitalizations related to opioid pain relievers. The author reported both immediate and longer-term reductions in opioid-related hospitalization following changes in law.

“This study demonstrated significant reductions on OPR- (opioid pain reliever) related hospitalizations associated with the implementation of medical marijuana policies. … We found reductions in OPR-related hospitalizations immediately after the year of policy implementation as well as delayed reductions in the third post-policy year.”

The author also dismissed contentions that liberalized marijuana laws were associated with any subsequent increase in marijuana-related hospital admissions, concluding: “While the interpretation of the results should remain cautious, this study suggested that medical marijuana policies were not associated with marijuana-related hospitalizations. Instead, the policies were unintendedly associated with substantial reductions in OPR related hospitalizations.”

The findings are consistent with those of other studies reporting that medical cannabis legalization is associated with lower rates of opioid abuse, mortality, and prescription drug spending.

For more information, please contact Paul Armentano, NORML Deputy Director, at: paul@norml.org. Full text of the study, “Medical marijuana policies and hospitalizations related to marijuana and opioid pain reliever,” appears in Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

Israeli Cabinet Endorses Marijuana Decriminalization Plan

Israeli Marijuana Decriminalization PlanJerusalem, Israel: Israeli lawmakers have signed off on legislation decriminalizing offenses involving the possession of personal use quantities of marijuana.

Under the new policy, first and second time possession offenders will face a fine, but no criminal penalties.

“The Cabinet approval is an important step on the way to implementing the new policy that will put emphasis on explaining and treating rather than on criminal enforcement,” explained Israeli Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan.

The medical production and distribution of cannabis for medical purposes is already legally permitted in Israel as part of a program governed by the Ministry of Health. About 25,000 Israelis receive medical marijuana as part of this program.

For more information, please contact Paul Armentano, NORML Deputy Director, at: paul@norml.org.

Study: CBD-Dominant Cannabis Extracts Reduce Seizure Frequency

CBD Cannabis Extracts Reduce SeizuresFalmouth, ME: The administration of whole-plant cannabis extracts rich in the cannabinoid cannabidol (CBD) is associated with reduced seizure frequency in patients with refractory epilepsy, according to data published online ahead of print in the journal Epilepsy & Behavior.

Researchers performed a retrospective chart review of the clinical records of 272 patients who were taking whole-plant CBD extracts.

Eighty-six percent of those treated observed some clinical benefit (a reduction in seizure frequency) while ten percent experienced a complete clinical response. The remaining patients were either not responsive to treatment or reported an exacerbation of seizures during therapy.

Beneficial side effects, such as improved mood, better sleep quality, and increased appetite were reported.

“The cannabinoids’ novel mechanisms of action are an attractive consideration for possible seizure control,” authors concluded. “In patients with refractory epilepsy that have a low likelihood of responding to a subsequent AED (anti-epileptic drug), a trial of artisanal cannabis formulas may be indicated.”

For more information, please contact Paul Armentano, NORML Deputy Director, at: paul@norml.org. Full text of the study, “The current status of artisanal cannabis for the treatment of epilepsy in the United States,” appears in Epilepsy & Behavior. Additional data regarding the efficacy of cannabinoids as anticonvulsants appears in NORML’s library.

Pennsylvania: Auditor General Says State Lawmakers Should Regulate The Marijuana Market

Pennsylvania Should Regulate MarijuanaHarrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania’s auditor general on Monday publicly advocated for the legalization and taxation of retail marijuana sales, arguing that such a policy would bring new jobs and tax revenue to the state.

Speaking at a news conference at the state capitol, Auditor General Eugene DePasquale said: “The regulation and taxation of the marijuana train has rumbled out of the station, and it is time to add a stop in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. I make this recommendation because it is a more sane policy to deal with a critical issue facing the state. Other states are already taking advantage of the opportunity for massive job creation and savings from reduced arrests and criminal prosecutions. In addition, it would generate hundreds of millions of dollars each year that could help tackle Pennsylvania’s budget problems.”

However, Gov. Tom Wolf said that state lawmakers should not go forward with regulating the adult use marijuana market at this time. Instead, he expressed support for decriminalizing the possession and personal use of the plant.

For more information, please contact Justin Strekal, NORML Political Director, at (202) 483-5500 or visit: http://www.phillynorml.org/.

NORML and the NORML Foundation: 1100 H Street NW, Suite 830, Washington DC, 20005
Tel: (202) 483-5500 • Fax: (202) 483-0057 • Email: norml@norml.org

Chronic pain sufferers and those taking mental health meds would rather turn to cannabis instead of their prescribed opioid medication, according to new research.

Source: Given the choice, patients will reach for cannabis over prescribed opioids — ScienceDaily

Source: Study: Opioid Abuse Rates Lower In Medical Cannabis States | NORML Blog, Marijuana Law Reform