Archive for the ‘politics’ Category

Study: Alcohol Sales Fall Following Cannabis Legalization

Cannabis LegalizationStorrs, CT: Sales of alcoholic beverages decline following the enactment of medical marijuana access laws, according to a working paper authored by a team of researchers from the University of Connecticut and Georgia State University.

Authors evaluated the relationship between medical marijuana laws and retail alcohol sales in more than 2,000 US counties for the years 2006 to 2015. Alcohol sales trends in medical cannabis states were compared to sales trends in states where cannabis remained illegal. Researchers determined that counties located in medical cannabis jurisdictions, on average, experienced a reduction in monthly alcohol sales of 15 percent.

Researchers concluded: “We find that marijuana and alcohol are strong substitutes. … States legalizing medical marijuana use experience significant decreases in the aggregate sale of alcohol, beer and wine. Moreover, the effects are not short-lived, with significant reductions observed up to 24 months after the passage of the law.”

Consumer trend data from California reports that those with legal access to cannabis frequently reduce their alcohol intake. A 2016 analysis of beer sales in Colorado, Oregon, and Washington reported that retail sales “collectively underperformed” in the years following the enactment of adult use marijuana regulations.

For more information, contact Paul Armentano, NORML Deputy Director, at: paul@norml.org. Full text of the study, “Helping settle the marijuana and alcohol debate: Evidence from scanner data,” appears online.

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Ending federal pot prohibition could mean big changes and big bucks for states.

Source: Majority Want Legal Marijuana To Be the Norm | HowStuffWorks

Easier access to concealed firearms is associated with significantly higher rates of handgun-related homicide, according to a new study.

Source: More permissive concealed-carry laws linked to higher homicide rates — ScienceDaily

Once again, “researchers”, either incompetent or by political agenda, mistake correlation with causality.  Dangerous neighborhoods beget law-abiding people to request concealed carry permits for their protection.  It is the dangerous neighborhoods that are the causal factor.  Concealed carrying citizens do not make neighborhoods dangerous.

Look no further than Chicago, where obtaining a concealed carry permit is virtually impossible.  Chicago has the strictest gun laws in the country, yet the highest homicide rates.  That example, alone, should tell the reader that this “study” is manure; pure garbage.

AuntieBS

An estimated 3 million adult American handgun owners carry a firearm loaded and on their person on a daily basis, and 9 million do so on a monthly basis, new research indicates. The vast majority cited protection as their primary reason for carrying a firearm. It is the first research in more than 20 years to scrutinize why, how often, and in what manner US adults carry loaded handguns.

Source: Three million Americans carry loaded handguns daily, study finds: Most are male, and cite protection as primary reason; ‘significant’ public health implications, researchers say — ScienceDaily

If guns were the problem, this alone would be scary.  Since all these people do NOT commit gun crimes, it pretty much refutes the anti-gun meme.

AuntieBS

An important step has been taken toward a reliable marijuana breathalyzer by measuring the vapor pressure of delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) — a measurement that, due to the compound’s chemical structure, is very difficult and has not been accomplished before.

Source: Scientists lay the groundwork for a reliable marijuana breathalyzer: Researchers have measured a fundamental physical property of the primary psychoactive compound in marijuana — ScienceDaily

Imagine if this much effort was put into characterizing the properties and medical benefits of cannabis…  <sigh>

AuntieBS

Researchers have found regular and occasional cannabis use as a teen is associated with a greater risk of other illicit drug taking in early adulthood. The study also found cannabis use was associated with harmful drinking and smoking.

Source: Teen cannabis use and illicit drug use in early adulthood linked: One in 5 adolescents at risk of tobacco dependency, harmful alcohol consumption and illicit drug use — ScienceDaily

It is amazing that this garbage gets published.  It would be akin to “Blind Kids less likely to see as adults”.  What is the CAUSALITY?  This paper would lead naive readers to think that teen cannabis use causes illicit drug use in adults.  But, how about teens who hang with the wrong crowds, who have lack of parental involvement, who may be flunking classes, who may have lower IQs, who may be struggling in school, who may disregard laws and prudence and use illicit cannabis and other drugs as teens as well as other illicit drugs later in life?

Time and time again, follow-up studies disprove the implications when CAUSALITY is considered.  More often than not, socio-economic conditions and IQ’s are the underlying causal factors which drive various conditions mistakenly attributed to cannabis.

AuntieBS

An increase in mean temperature of 0.5 degrees Celsius over half a century may not seem all that serious, but it’s enough to have more than doubled the probability of a heat wave killing in excess of 100 people in India, according to researchers.

Source: Small climb in mean temperatures linked to far higher chance of deadly heat waves: UCI-led analysis of data from India could have dire implications for future — ScienceDaily

This is not on my usual topic, but illustrates bad science clearly, and the difficulty that “scientists” have discerning causality, even in formerly reputable schools.  Here, it says that the mean temperature CAUSES the likelihood of occasional heat waves.  Hello– isn’t it quite apparent that the occasional heat waves are what increase the mean temperature???

Let me illustrate:  Suppose we have a stable mean of 100, but a one time spike of 120:  100, 100, 100, 100, 100, 100, 100, 120, 100, 100.  That one spike to 120 increased the mean from 100, to 102.  In other words, the heat wave raised the mean, not the implied vice versa.  And this also does not mean that the heat wave caused the mean– only that the mean and the occasional heat spikes are correlated.  So called “scientists” often confuse correlation with causality, as shown so often in cannabis studies.

AuntieBS